Archive for the ‘Balustrades / Railings / Steel Post / Poles / Tubing /Accessories’ Category

Attached Carport by Extreme How-To. For the designs to this carport see the list of carport designs below.

So we have gone through the initial questions of design and you should now have spoken to the council and be ready to prepare formal plans if required.  But before we get down to choosing a plan in order for you to build the carport yourself, lets recap on our checklist.

Checklist:

  1. Decide your preference for a freestanding or connected carport
  2. Have a decent picture in your mind about how you want your carport to look, how high it will be and how long, is it single or double, etc.
  3. Measure and confirm where it will go and that it fits.  Also measure the distances to the nearest boundaries or other structures.
  4. Talk to your neighbours and get their confirmation that they do not mind your new structure.
  5. Speak to your council and get information including any restrictions with your building and what you need to supply to the council if you  do need to apply for council approval.
  6. Select your design and modify it to suit your look.
  7. Choose your materials ensuring these are in line with council requirements.  Go for durable material that suits the environment you live in.
  8. Draw up your plans showing both the design and measurements and note on the plans your materials.  Your diagrams will need to be quite detailed.
  9. Apply for approval.
  10. Invite your mates over and have a ‘build a carport’ weekend!

In Building a Carport Part 1 we looked at items 1-3 on the checklist above and in Building a Carport Part 2 we reviewed 4 and 5.  Now we will look at the remaining points.

Choosing a design

So you know roughly how you want your carport to look, so now it is just a matter of finding a design to match.  We have scoured the internet and bring you some of the best designs around:

  • How to build a wood-free carport – this carport is described by eHow as moderately easy to build but lacks pictures and diagrams to assist.
  • Free standing carport plans and construction details – I really like these plans from BuildEazy as they go into much more detail and include images of what you need to do.  You will find this is a single carport with only a slight sloping roof.  Be aware that some councils will require more of a slope.  Note that this carport design comes in imperial and metric versions.
  • Two car garage with either a frame or post construction – These are great detailed plans of a two car garage.  You will find them on this site under number 5929 and 5930.  It would be quite easy to adapt these plans to your own carport because they are so well done.
  • A shade cloth carport - A different idea altogether from DIY Site these are plans for how to construct a carport using shade cloth.
  • Attached Carport - This design from Extreme How-To shows with plenty of instruction, diagrams and photos how to build an attached carport.

Shade cloth carport from the DIY Site. For instructions on how to build this carport, see the link above.

Choosing your materials

Most of these designs clearly list the materials that you will need in order to make the carport.  The next step is to choose what timber and what screws you should use.  If you are not used to building such structures it may be worth talking to your local hardware store.  Seek out the appropriate expert to guide you as to what you need to consider when purchasing, but some of the items you might want to consider are whether there are issues with termites, longevity of the material (weather resistant such as treated wood and galvanised steel).  Check out the DIY Bargain Bin for all your requirements as you can save a lot of money buying from one of our suppliers than purchasing direct from another timber supplier.

Draw up your plans

It is now time to draw up your formal plans. Remember at this stage you should already be fairly comfortable with what the council will and will not allow.  If you are not able to draw up the plans to the level of detail you may wish to hire an expert to do these for you.  An example of how your plans must look is shown in the image below which was taken from Whitehorse Council’s (VIC) website.

Sample plans for a carport sourced from Whitehorse Council's website.

Check with your council on the exact information they want to see and what scale the diagrams should be.

You are now ready to apply for approval.  Once received you are ready to go ahead with construction of your carport.


Wrought iron experienced its peak popularity in the 1860s, mainly thanks to railways, but with the improvement in steelmaking is now no longer produced on a commercial scale.  Indeed a large number of the products now produced under the term ‘wrought iron’ are actually made of mild steel, but retain the wrought iron name because they were formally made of the material.

Wrought iron is traditionally now used for products such as doors, guard rails, furniture, fences and gates, and can transform the look of a home when used, especially on a period home.

So today, we have brought you an idea file for wrought iron, a quick glimpse of some of the different things that you can do with this material and how it will change the look of your home.  The links are provided to give you more ideas.

Starting with doors, from the Australian Wrought Iron Shop:

Decorative wrought iron with a swirl or a pattern.  Perth Wrought Iron has a number of ideas for fences and gates:

Artistic Wrought Iron Suppliers also have a good idea gallery, predominantly different stair designs.  This can be viewed here.

Perhaps you are considering a wrought iron internal stair case. Colour Earth Design have a number of examples and a great online display gallery.

Or perhaps you want something modern, at WroughtArtWorks, they do a number of different wrought iron work,this is a sample of some more modern designs:

Check out the DIY Bargain Bin Balustrades, Railings, Steel Post, Poles section for more ideas and alternative materials.

Photo provided courtesy of Warren Prasek

When is a rail required? The Building Code of Australia aim to ensure safety, and in relation to stairs or ramps, require the installation of a continuous balustrade or barrier where they are alongside of a drop of more than 1 metre.

How tall does it need to be? The balustrade or barrier must be at least 1 metre above the level of the walkway, or at least 865mm above the nosing of the stair. It should be designed so that a person cannot fall over it nor allow a child to crawl through it.

How strong is it required to be? Your rail should be structurally able to withstand a point load of 0.6kN and an evenly distributed load of 0.4kn applied inward, outward or downward on the handrail.

What timber should I use? For outdoor rails that are exposed to the weather, the timber should be durable Class1 or Class2 timber species such as blackbutt, spotted gum, ironbark, jarrah, merbau or kwila with any sapwood present (or preservative treated softwood) treated to H3 standard.  Ideally, the timber should be free of any major strength reducing features and be straight. Find your Balustrade or Railing in the DIY Bargain Bin Balustrades, Railings, Steel Post, Poles, Tubing and Accessories section.

What else do I need to know? If the railing is outside, use quality Class 3 corrosion resistant metal connectors such as nails and screws.Fill any nail holes with exterior grade wood filler and apply two top coats of exterior paint or stain to protect your timber. You can find a selection of DIY Bargain Bin Hardware, Nails, Screws, Bolts and Nuts as well as DIY Bargain Bin Paint / Oils / Stains / Varnishes / Painting Supplies by clicking on these sections.

Need more information? Read and understand the  Australian Building Inspection Services guidelines, from which this summary has been taken to fully understand your responsibilities in building an indoor or outdoor timber rail.